How to Deal with an Emergency?

There are four steps of the emergency action principles to be taken to ensure your safety as a rescuer as well as safety and survival of the victim. These steps will be explained in detail in the rest of training.

  -  Survey the Scene
  -  Primary survey of the victim
  -  Contacting Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
  -  Secondary survey of the victim

Before Proceeding with CPR
Before proceeding with CPR:

-  Make sure you are not in any danger
-  Make sure the victim is not in danger
-  Avoid moving the victim unless there is in immediate danger or you are preparing for CPR
-  Assess the surroundings for any people who can help
-  Make sure you are aware of your location (for ex. floor in the building, etc), to help emergency responders locate you
-  Determine if the victim is conscious or unconscious by positioning yourself next to the victim, tapping him/her on the shoulder and shouting "Are you OK? Are you OK"" several times
-  If no response, immediately ask someone to call 911 and then have the person report back to you. If no one is available call 911 yourself prior to beginning CPR

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