Primary Survey of the Victim

The primary survey of the victim is performed by checking the ABCs.  When performing the steps outlined below, we check the condition of two most vital systems - respiratory and circulatory systems.


Airway - Does the person have an open airway?

Breathing - Is the victim breathing?

Circulation - Is the victim's heart beating or does the victim have a pulse?


Basics of ABCs are outlined in our CPR course.